Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Treatment

Uncomfortable or painful abdominal symptoms may indicate irritable bowel syndrome or IBS. IBS symptoms can include bloating, gas, constipation, and diarrhea. IBS does not harm the digestive system or increase the risk of colon cancer. By altering your diet and way of living, you can frequently control your symptoms.

Your digestive system is impacted by a collection of symptoms known as irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS. It is a typical but unpleasant digestive disease. Excessive gas, cramps, and abdominal pain are symptoms of IBS.

Types of IBS:

Researchers categorize IBS according to the types of bowel movement issues you experience. Your treatment may vary depending on your IBS type. Only certain forms of IBS respond to specific medications. IBS sufferers frequently alternate between days with regular and irregular bowel motions. Your unusual bowel motions will determine the type of IBS you have:

  1. Constipation and IBS (IBS-C): Most of your feces are lumpy and firm.
  2. IBS and Diarrhea(IBS-D): The majority of your feces is watery and loose.
  3. IBS with mixed bowel habits (IBS-M): You experience both loose and watery bowel movements and hard, lumpy bowel movements.

Causes of IBS:

IBS’s actual cause is not fully understood by researchers. They believe that a number of causes, such as the following, can cause IBS:

  1. Dysmotility: Issues with the way the muscles in your GI tract contract and carry food through the GI tract.
  2. Visceral hypersensitivity: When you have extra-sensitive nerves in the GI tract.
  3. Brain gut dysfunction: Miscommunication between the nerves in the brain and gut.


IBS may include the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain or cramps, in the lower half of the abdomen.
  • Bloating.
  • Irregular bowel movements.
  • Diarrhea, constipation, or alternating between the two.
  • Excess gas.
  • Mucus in your faces (may look whitish).

IBS in women may cause symptoms to worsen during the menstrual cycle. It’s common for these sensations to recur, which might make you feel anxious or angry. You’ll start to feel better physically and mentally as you master management strategies and acquire control over flare-ups.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) 1

When to consult a doctor?

If you experience symptoms more than three times each month for longer than three months, see your doctor. Additionally, it’s a good idea to speak with your provider if your symptoms are less frequent but are still affecting your life.

Some signs could be a sign of a more serious issue. As soon as you can, get in touch with your provider if you have:

  • Bleeding
  • Fever
  • Loss of weight
  • extreme pain

Get expert consultation by the best IBS and liver specialist in Noida, Ghaziabad.


Consult your doctor if you’ve been experiencing unpleasant GI problems. A medical history and physical examination are the initial steps in the diagnosis of IBS. You’ll be questioned by your doctor about your symptoms:

  • Do you experience bowel movement pain?
  • Have you noticed a change in how often you have a bowel movement?
  • Has the appearance of your poop changed?
  • How frequently do your symptoms occur?
  • When did your signs first appear?
  • Which medications are you taking?
  • Have you lately had a difficult situation or a recent illness?

To confirm a diagnosis, you might require additional testing depending on your symptoms. Other conditions that resemble IBS can be ruled out using blood tests, stool samples, and X-rays.

Colonoscopy: Your healthcare practitioner might suggest a flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to check your colon in further detail, depending on your symptoms, medical history, and other considerations. These two non-invasive techniques are comparable. The distinction is that a sigmoidoscopy only looks at the colon’s lower half. In a colonoscopy, the entire colon is inspected. A flexible sigmoidoscopy can be used to assess polyps, rectal bleeding, and bowel problems. Your supplier will:
  • A long, thin, flexible instrument called a sigmoidoscope should be inserted into the rectum.
  • To the colon, advance the sigmoidoscope.
  • View the lining of the rectum and lower part of the colon.
What to anticipate during a colonoscopy is listed below. Your provider will
  • Use the rectum to insert the colonoscope.
  • Expand the scope to the colon’s full extent.
  • Take a biopsy by removing a little amount of tissue (if necessary).
  • Find and remove polyps, which are tiny growths (if necessary).
Frequently, medical professionals can use a colonoscopy to diagnose a patient correctly and even administer medication. Compared to an abdominal operation, a colonoscopy is a far less invasive treatment.


Although no one therapy is effective for everyone with IBS, the majority of patients can discover a treatment that suits them. Your IBS treatment plan will be tailored by your doctor to meet your needs. Dietary and lifestyle modifications are frequently used as therapy alternatives. A nutritionist can assist you in designing a diet that works for you.

Many people discover that their symptoms get better with these changes:

Dietary changes:

  • Eat extra fruits, vegetables, grains, and nuts to increase the amount of fiber in your diet.
  • Supplement your diet with fiber supplements like Metamucil or Citrucel.
  • Eight 8-ounce glasses of water should be consumed daily.
  • Skip the caffeine (from coffee, chocolate, teas, and sodas).
  • milk and cheese in moderation The prevalence of lactose intolerance are higher in IBS sufferers. Make sure to obtain calcium from a variety of foods, including salmon, spinach, broccoli, and supplements.
  • Try the low-FODMAP diet, a dietary regimen that can help symptoms go better.
Lifestyle Changes:
  • Regular exercise
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Try some relaxation methods.
  • Eat more frequent, smaller meals.
  • Keep a food journal to identify the meals that cause IBS flare-ups. Red peppers, green onions, red wine, wheat, and cow’s milk are typical triggers.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • If you experience despair, anxiety, and severe stomach pain, your doctor can recommend antidepressant medication.
  • For diarrhea, constipation, or stomach pain, there are more medications available.
  • Your best option may be probiotics. These “good bacteria” can aid in symptom improvement.
  • If your symptoms don’t go away, consult your healthcare professional. To determine if an underlying ailment is the source of the symptoms, you might require more testing.
What happens if prescription drugs fail to work? Sometimes, medical treatment for symptoms has little effect. You might be referred to a mental health professional for treatment. Some sufferers receive alleviation by:
  • Behavioral and cognitive therapy (CBT).
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Biofeedback
Medications should only be taken as prescribed by a doctor.

To know more book your appointment with the best IBS treatment doctor in Noida, Ghaziabad.

Dr. Sushrut Singh

Dr. Sushrut Singh is an Additional Director in the Department of Liver and Digestive Sciences at Fortis Hospital, Sector-62, Noida. . Having pursued both his M.B.B.S. and M.D. from the King George’s Medical College, Lucknow, he went on to complete his postgraduate super-speciality in Hepatology from the only Liver University in Asia under the guidance of most renowned Prof. Dr. Shiv Kumar Sarin from the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), New Delhi.

  • Speciality : Liver Specialist, Hepatologist, Gastroenterologist
  • Degree : M.B.B.S., M.D., D.M.
  • Experience : 12+ Years
  • Phone : +91 93153 54431


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