Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleeding Treatment
What is stomach bleeding or gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding?
Your digestive tract may experience significant symptoms such as gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. The following organs are part of your digestive tract:
- The small intestine, including the duodenum
- Large intestine or colon
Any of these organs may experience GI bleeding. Upper GI hemorrhage refers to bleeding that happens in the oesophagus, stomach or first section of the small intestine (duodenum). Lower GI bleeding refers to bleeding in the rectum, anus, lower small, or large intestine.
You may encounter very minor bleeding or a hemorrhage that poses a serious risk to your life. Sometimes the bleeding may be so slight that it can only be detected by testing the feces.
If you think you may have GI or rectal bleeding, there are a few things you can check for. If bleeding occurs in the upper GI tract or the stomach, your stool may become more viscous and sticky, like tar.
If you face any of such discomfort, visit a GI bleeding specialist in Noida, Ghaziabad.
You could observe some blood in your bowel or on your bowel tissue if you pass blood from your rectum during bowel movements. Typically, the hue of this blood is bright red. Blood in the vomit is another indicator that your GI system is bleeding.
Contact a doctor right away if you notice any of these signs or symptoms, or if your vomit resembles coffee grounds.
There are various reasons for upper GI bleeding, including:
- Stomach ulcers: GI bleeding is frequently caused by peptic ulcers. The lining of your stomach or duodenum might develop these open sores called ulcers. Regular use of NSAIDs like ibuprofen (Advil), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, may raise your chance of developing peptic ulcers. If you use blood thinners, your risk may also increase. Additionally, H. pylori infection might result in peptic ulcers.
- Tears in esophagus veins: The disorder known as esophageal varices causes enlarged veins in the esophagus to rip and bleed. If you have portal hypertension, which is frequently caused by cirrhosis, severe scarring of the liver, you may be more likely to develop this illness.
- Tears in the esophageal walls: Mallory-Weiss syndrome is the name given to this disorder. This syndrome is frequently brought on by violent or frequent vomiting.
- Duodenitis and gastritis: Duodenitis is an inflammation of the small intestine, whereas gastritis is an infection of the stomach. Both can be brought on by other circumstances, such as excessive use of NSAIDs or alcohol, but they are frequently brought on by an infection with the H. pylori bacteria.
- Ingesting a foreign object: Tears and bleeding in the upper GI tract might result from swallowing anything inedible.
- Upper GI tumors Bleeding: It may result from tumors, including those brought on by esophageal, stomach, and small intestine cancer. Depending on where they are, pancreatic tumors can occasionally lead to GI bleeding.
- Angiodysplasia: The GI tract’s blood vessels expand as a result of angiodysplasia.
- Hemorrhoids: Another often occurring reason for GI or rectal bleeding is hemorrhoids. A swollen vein in your rectum or anus is what causes hemorrhoids. Rectal hemorrhage may result from these swollen veins rupturing and bleeding. This condition might become well on its own or with only a few treatments. However, if the bleeding raises concerns about other, more serious GI problems, a doctor might decide to do a colonoscopy.
- Anal fracture: Lower GI bleeding may also result from an anal fissure. The muscular ring that makes up the anal sphincter has been torn. It’s typically brought on by firm stools or constipation.
- Diverticulosis: This is a chronic disorder where the colon’s wall protrudes where blood vessels are located. Over time, this can lead to the blood vessels rupturing and bleeding. Diverticulosis-related bleeding frequently goes away without the need for intrusive treatments. To rule out other, more dangerous causes of lower GI bleeding, such as cancer, a doctor may do a colonoscopy.
- Colon cancer: Your colon or rectum is where colon cancer begins.
- Angiodysplasia The digestive tract’s blood vessels widen as a result of this illness.
- Colitis: The condition known as colitis, which develops when your colon gets inflamed, is one of the most typical causes of lower GI bleeding.
Several factors can lead to colitis, including:
- Food poisoning
- Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
reduced blood flow in the colon.
Upper GI bleeding: A doctor may carry out the following tests to identify upper GI bleeding and determine its cause:
Endoscopy is most frequently used to diagnose upper GI hemorrhage. During this operation, a short, flexible endoscopic tube that your doctor inserts down your throat will be equipped with a tiny camera. The upper GI tract is then traversed with the scope. The camera enables the physician to view your gastrointestinal tract and possibly identify the cause of your bleeding.
If the reason for your bleeding cannot be identified during an endoscopy, this operation is carried out. Similar to an endoscope, an enteroscopy differs in that the camera-tipped tube frequently has a balloon attached to it. This balloon can be inflated to allow your doctor to see into the gut once it has been opened up.
Diagnosing lower GI bleeding
To identify the reason for lower GI bleeding, a doctor may run the following tests:
Colonoscopy: Your doctor will put a tiny, flexible tube into your rectum during a colonoscopy. The tube has a camera attached so your doctor can see the full length of your colon. In order to improve the view, air flows through the tube.
Biopsy: The doctor might take a biopsy during the colonoscopy for extra examination.
X-ray: To find the source of your GI bleeding, you could also get scanned. Your veins will be filled with a safe radioactive tracer. Your doctor will be able to see where you’re bleeding since the tracer will glow on an X-ray.
Angiograms using CT: An imaging test called a CT scan can be used to help the doctor find GI bleeding in the pelvis and abdomen. Unlike an X-ray, it frequently displays more detail.
Bleeding capsule Endoscopy: Capsule endoscopy may be used by your doctor if an endoscopy or GI bleeding scan is unable to identify the cause of your bleeding. In order to identify the cause of your bleeding, your doctor will have you swallow a tablet containing a tiny camera that will take images of your intestine.
RBC Nuclear scan: A safe radioactive tracer is injected by a doctor during this examination to monitor your red blood cells. This can demonstrate how your body’s cells function.
GI Bleeding a serious concern and demands immediate medical attention. If you are experiencing the symptoms of a fatty liver, book your appointment with the best liver disease specialists and GI Bleeding doctor in Noida, Ghaziabad.
Dr. Sushrut Singh is an Additional Director in the Department of Liver and Digestive Sciences at Fortis Hospital, Sector-62, Noida. . Having pursued both his M.B.B.S. and M.D. from the King George’s Medical College, Lucknow, he went on to complete his postgraduate super-speciality in Hepatology from the only Liver University in Asia under the guidance of most renowned Prof. Dr. Shiv Kumar Sarin from the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), New Delhi.
- Speciality : Liver Specialist, Hepatologist, Gastroenterologist
- Degree : M.B.B.S., M.D., D.M.
- Experience : 12+ Years
- Phone : +91 93153 54431