Gallbladder and Bile Duct disorders Treatment
Bile is a thick, sticky, greenish-yellow fluid that is produced by the liver. By making cholesterol, lipids, and fat-soluble vitamins easier to absorb from the colon, bile facilitates digestion. Additionally, the bile aids in the body’s removal of some waste materials, primarily excess cholesterol and bilirubin.
Small tubes (ducts) that connect the liver to the gallbladder and ultimately to the small intestine make up the biliary tract. Under the liver, in a small pear-shaped sac, is the gallbladder. It holds the bile. When bile is needed, such as when humans eat, the gallbladder contracts, forcing bile into the small intestine through the bile ducts.
The flow of bile can be blocked by the following:
- Gallstones that pass out of the gallbladder into the ducts
- Injury to the bile ducts during gallbladder surgery
- Bile duct narrowing brought on by conditions like AIDS-related infections and primary sclerosing cholangitis
- Pancreatic conditions might cause the bile ducts to become more constrained as they pass through the pancreas.
- Pancreatic, gallbladder, or bile duct tumors
- The presence of parasites
The gallbladder may swell if the bile ducts are clogged (cholecystitis).
Acalculous biliary pain, often known as biliary pain without gallstones, can also happen. It is advised not to ignore the symptoms and consult a gallbladder and bile duct disorders, treatment specialist.
Types of Bile Ducts:
The liver has two different types of bile ducts, and they are as follows:
- Intrahepatic liver: The liver has a network of tiny tubes called intrahepatic ducts that collect and move bile to the extrahepatic ducts.
- Extrahepatic ducts: The extrahepatic ducts initially split into two sections, one on the liver’s right and one on its left. They come together when they leave the liver to create the common hepatic duct. This is headed straight for the small intestine.
The common hepatic duct also receives access from the cystic duct, also known as the duct from the gallbladder. From this point on, the bile duct is referred to as the common bile duct or choledochus. The pancreas is where the common bile duct travels before emptying into the small intestine.
- Bile ducts
- Gallstones (most common cause)
- Inflammation of the bile ducts
- A biliary stricture, or an abnormal narrowing of the duct
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- An injury related to gallbladder or liver surgery
- Tumors that have reached the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, or bile ducts
- Infections, including hepatitis
- Cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver
- Liver damage
- A choledochal cyst (present in infants at birth)
- Previous gallstones
- A rare condition called Caroli disease widens the bile ducts in the liver, which can lead to the formation of stones and the development of chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer.
- Abdominal injury obesity in the right side
- Quick weight loss diseases like sickle cell anemia are caused by the deterioration of red blood cells
Consult a liver specialist to understand the risk factors in your surrounding areas of Noida, Ghaziabad, and Delhi NCR.
Symptoms of gallbladder and bile duct disorders
The signs of biliary blockage may vary depending on the underlying cause. Those who suffer biliary blockage can show the following symptoms
- Stools with a light color
- Jaundice and black urine (yellowish eyes or skin)
- The upper right side of the abdomen hurts.
- Nausea / Vomiting
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms above, book your appointment with the best gallbladder and bile duct disorders doctors in Noida, Ghaziabad.
There are several tests available to look for biliary obstructions. Your doctor might suggest one or more of the following tests depending on the reason the obstruction is there.
- Ultrasonography: Usually, the first test done on a person suspected of having gallstone-related biliary blockage is an ultrasound. Your doctor can readily see the gallstones thanks to it.
- Blood Tests: A complete blood count (CBC) and a liver function test are both part of a blood test. Typically, blood testing can rule out specific conditions, including:
- Increased levels of conjugated bilirubin,
- A liver waste product,
- Increased levels of white blood cells, which can indicate inflammation, and liver enzymes
- A higher concentration of alkaline phosphatase
- Any of these symptoms could be a sign of bile flow loss.
- Biliary radionuclide scan (HIDA scan): A hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid, or HIDA scan, is also referred to as a biliary radionuclide scan. t gathers important information about the gallbladder and any potential blockages using radioactive material.
- Cholangiography: A cholangiography is a bile duct X-ray.
- CT ScanThe pancreas, bile ducts, gallbladder, and liver can all be seen in great clarity on an MRI.
- CT scan using magnetic resonance for the pancreas (MRCP): Biliary blockages and pancreatic illness are diagnosed using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP).
- Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): An endoscope and X-ray are used during an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). It functions as a diagnostic and treatment tool. Additionally to being utilized in treatment, it enables your surgeon to observe the bile ducts. This device is especially useful since your doctor can use it to remove stones and, if necessary, take biopsy samples.
Treatment of gallbladder and bile duct disorders Treatment
The main objective of medical or surgical treatment is to relieve the obstruction, and treatment aims to address the underlying cause. A cholecystectomy and an ERCP are two treatments for a biliary blockage.
An ERCP may be enough to remove little stones from the common bile duct or to insert a stent to reestablish bile flow if you have been diagnosed with gallstones. When a tumor is the cause of obstruction, this technique is frequently employed.
Another extremely successful method of treating gallstones is cholecystectomy, which involves removing the gallbladder.
Tumor removal or treatment, as well as medication to kill parasites, are other options.
It is advisable not to leave the disease untreated. Get consultation with the best gallbladder and bile duct treatment specialists in Noida, Ghaziabad.
- Incorporate more fiber into your diet.
- Reduce your consumption of sugar and saturated fats. Gallstones may become more likely as a result of several factors.
- If you are obese or overweight, work gradually to reduce your weight to a healthy level for your height, sex, and age.
If you are looking for the treatment of gallbladder and bile duct disorders treatment in Noida, Ghaziabad, Book your appointment with best gastroenterologist in Ghaziabad.
Dr. Sushrut Singh is an Additional Director in the Department of Liver and Digestive Sciences at Fortis Hospital, Sector-62, Noida. . Having pursued both his M.B.B.S. and M.D. from the King George’s Medical College, Lucknow, he went on to complete his postgraduate super-speciality in Hepatology from the only Liver University in Asia under the guidance of most renowned Prof. Dr. Shiv Kumar Sarin from the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), New Delhi.
- Speciality : Liver Specialist, Hepatologist, Gastroenterologist
- Degree : M.B.B.S., M.D., D.M.
- Experience : 12+ Years
- Phone : +91 93153 54431