Fatty Liver Disease Treatment
Hepatic steatosis or fatty liver takes place when fat accumulates in the liver. It’s natural to have a small amount of fat in your liver, but too much might cause health issues.
The second-largest organ in your body is your liver. It aids in the digestion of nutrients from food and beverages and removes harmful impurities from your blood.
A liver with too much fat in it may become inflamed, which could harm it and leave scarring. This scarring can cause liver failure in severe situations.
Alcoholic fatty liver disease is the term used to describe fatty liver that develops in people who consume large amounts of alcohol (AFLD).
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the name for it when it affects someone who doesn’t consume a lot of alcohol (NAFLD).
Four Stages of Fatty Liver
- Simple liver fatty: The liver has accumulated an excessive amount of fat. If it doesn’t worsen, simple fatty liver is often safe.
- Steatohepatitis. Inflammation in the liver is present in addition to extra fat.
- Fibrosis. Scarring has now developed in the liver as a result of ongoing inflammation. The liver can still generally perform normally, though.
- Cirrhosis. The liver’s capacity to function is hampered by widespread liver scarring. This is the most serious stage and it cannot be reversed.
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Weakness or fatigue
- Itchy skin
- Yellow skin and eyes
- Easy bruising or bleeding
- Dark-colored urine
- Pale stools
- Fluid accumulation in the abdomen (ascites)
- Swelling (edema) of your legs
- Web-like clusters of blood vessels under your skin
- Breast enlargement in men
If you are facing any of the mentioned symptoms, get yourself dianosed by the best stomach specialist doctor in Noida, Ghaziabad.
Types of Fatty Liver:
- Alcohol-unrelated fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
Fat deposits in the liver of non-heavy drinkers are known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
NAFLD may be diagnosed if you have too much fat in your liver and no history of drinking heavily. Simple NAFLD is the name given to the disorder if there is no inflammation or other problems.
NAFLD includes non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It occurs when inflammation coexists with the accumulation of extra fat in the liver. Your physician might identify NASH if:
Your liver has too much fat.
Your liver is inflamed, but you don’t have a history of drinking heavily.
In the absence of treatment, NASH can result in liver fibrosis. This might worsen in extreme cases, leading to cirrhosis and liver failure.
- Alcohol-related fatty liver illness (AFLD)
Abundant alcohol use harms the liver. The initial stage of alcohol-related liver damage is known as alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD). Simple alcoholic fatty liver is the name of the disorder if there is no inflammation or other problems.
An example of AFLD is alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH). It is sometimes referred to as alcoholic hepatitis and occurs when there is an accumulation of extra fat in the liver along with inflammation. Your physician might identify ASH if:
You consume a lot of alcohol, your liver is irritated, and you have excess liver fat.
If left untreated, ASH can result in liver fibrosis. Cirrhosis, a severe liver scarring condition, can cause liver failure.
- Acute pregnancy-related fatty liver (AFLP)
When too much fat accumulates in the liver during pregnancy, it is known as acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP). It’s a dangerous pregnancy issue that is uncommon. Genetics may play a role, albeit the precise cause is uncertain.
AFLP typically manifests during the third trimester of pregnancy. It poses significant health concerns to the mother and child if left untreated.
The sooner your baby is born, the better, if your doctor diagnoses AFLP. After giving delivery, you might require follow-up treatment for a few days.
After delivering delivery, your liver’s health should return to normal in a few weeks.
In fatty liver disease, extra fat is deposited in the cells of the liver and builds up there. This fat accumulation may be brought on by a number of circumstances.
Alcohol abuse can result in AFLD. Heavy alcohol use can change some of the liver’s metabolic functions. Some of these metabolic byproducts have the potential to interact with fatty acids to create certain forms of fat that can build up in the liver.
The cause of fatty liver disease in those who don’t consume a lot of alcohol is poorly understood. It’s likely that these people’s bodies either manufacture too much fat or don’t digest it well enough.
People who don’t drink much alcohol but do have fatty liver disease may be affected by one or more of the following factors:
- resistance to insulin in type 2 diabetes
- elevated blood triglyceride levels are a sign of metabolic syndrome.
Among the additional possible causes of fatty liver are:
- adverse effects of various drugs during pregnancy
- several infectious diseases, such hepatitis C, and some uncommon genetic disorders
Your doctor will review your medical history, perform a physical exam, prescribe one or more tests, and diagnose you with fatty liver.
Your doctor will probably inquire about the following if they believe you may have fatty liver:
- your family’s medical background, including any instances of liver illness
- your use of alcohol and other personal behaviours
- any existing medical issues, current medications, and recent alterations in your health
- If you have been suffering lethargy, loss of appetite, or any other strange symptoms, visit a fatty liver specialist near me Noida, Ghaziabad Delhi NCR and get your condition diagnosed.
- Physical Examinations: Your doctor might touch or palpate your belly to feel for liver inflammation. They might be able to feel if your liver is expand.
Your liver can, however, be inflammatory without also being enlarged. By touching you, your doctor might not be able to detect liver inflammation.
- Blood Test: Blood tests that reveal high liver enzyme levels are frequently used to detect fatty liver disease. For instance, to examine your liver enzymes, your doctor can order the alanine aminotransferase test (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase test (AST).
These tests might be suggested by your doctor if you’ve started exhibiting symptoms or signs of liver disease, or they might be requested as part of normal blood work.
Inflamed liver is indicated by elevated liver enzyme levels. There are other possible causes of liver inflammation besides fatty liver disease.
If the results of your test show that your liver enzymes are elevated, your doctor may probably request more testing to determine what is causing the inflammation.
- Imaging studies: To look for extra fat or other liver issues, your doctor may perform one or more of the imaging tests listed below:
- Examining ultrasound
- an MRI
- CT scan
- Additionally, they might request a test called vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE, FibroScan). Low-frequency sound waves are used in this test to evaluate the stiffness of the liver. It can assist in detecting scarring.
- Liver Biopsy
The most accurate approach to assess the degree of liver disease is thought to be a liver biopsy.
A liver biopsy involves the insertion of a needle into your liver to extract a sample of tissue for testing. To relieve the pain, they’ll provide a local anesthetic.
This test can help identify whether you have liver scarring and fatty liver disease.
To know more book your appointment with the best fatty liver treatment doctor in Noida, Ghaziabad.
Dr. Sushrut Singh is an Additional Director in the Department of Liver and Digestive Sciences at Fortis Hospital, Sector-62, Noida. . Having pursued both his M.B.B.S. and M.D. from the King George’s Medical College, Lucknow, he went on to complete his postgraduate super-speciality in Hepatology from the only Liver University in Asia under the guidance of most renowned Prof. Dr. Shiv Kumar Sarin from the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), New Delhi.
- Speciality : Liver Specialist, Hepatologist, Gastroenterologist
- Degree : M.B.B.S., M.D., D.M.
- Experience : 12+ Years
- Phone : +91 93153 54431