Chronic Liver Disease Treatment
What is Liver disease?
Your liver is the second-largest organ in your body (after the skin). It is around the size of a football and sits on your right side, just under your ribcage. As nutrients and trash pass through your digestive system, the liver separates them. Additionally, it creates bile, a fluid that facilitates digestion and transports toxins from your body.
When healthy liver tissue is displaced by scar tissue, it’s called cirrhosis. As a result, the liver stops functioning effectively.
A chronic (long-term) liver disease is cirrhosis. Your liver sustains damage over time.
The largest internal organ in your body is the liver. It is located on the right side of your belly, up under your ribcage.
The liver carries out a variety of vital functions, such as:
- Removes toxins and medications that are trash for the body.
- Creates bile to aid in meal digestion
- Stores sugar that the body uses for energy
- Creates new proteins
Scar tissue inhibits the blood flow through the liver in cirrhosis. The liver loses its ability to function properly over time.
The liver can get severely damaged to the point where it can no longer function. We refer to this as liver failure.
- Cirrhosis is generally caused by:
- Alcohol Abuse
- Alcohol-unrelated fatty liver disease (this happens from metabolic syndrome and is caused by conditions such as obesity, high cholesterol and triglycerides, and high blood pressure)
- Autoimmune diseases in which the body becomes infected – Immune system fights off attacks on healthy tissue
- Bile ducts, which transport bile from the liver to the intestine, are blocked or injured.
- Use of specific medications
- Exposure to specific hazardous substances
- Heart failure events that frequently occur along with hepatic blood accumulation
- Infections with parasites
Cirrhosis can also be brought on by inherited disorders, which are illnesses that run in families. These may consist of:
- Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency
- High blood galactose levels
- Glycogen storage diseases
- Cystic fibrosis
- Porphyria (a disorder in which certain chemicals build up in the blood)
- A hereditary buildup of too much copper (Wilson disease) or iron (hemochromatosis) in the body
Depending on how severe your cirrhosis is, your symptoms may change. Mild cirrhosis is usually asymptomatic.
Some symptoms might include:
- Fluid buildup in the belly (ascites)
- Vomiting blood, often from bleeding in the blood vessels in the food pipe (esophagus)
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
- Kidney failure
- Muscle loss
- Loss of appetite
- Easy bruising
- Spider-like veins in the skin
- Low energy and weakness (fatigue)
- Weight loss
- Confusion as toxins build up in the blood
Cirrhosis symptoms can resemble those of other medical conditions. To be certain, always consult a healthcare professional.
If you are experiencing the symptoms of a chronic liver disease mentioned above, book your appointment with the best chronic liver specialist doctor in Noida, Ghaziabad.
Your physician will consider your prior health. You’ll have a physical examination from them.
Other exams you might undergo include:
Blood Test: To determine whether the liver is functioning properly, these will include liver function tests. Tests to determine if your blood can clot may also be performed on you.
Liver Biopsy A needle or a surgical procedure is used to remove small tissue samples from the liver. To identify the specific type of liver disease, the samples are examined under a microscope.
Your doctor can recommend that you undergo imaging tests like:
an MRI (computed tomography). This imaging technique creates precise images of the body using X-rays and a computer. The bones, muscles, fat, and organs are all seen in detail on a CT scan.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) This examination captures precise images of the internal organs and body parts. It makes use of radio wave energy pulses and a magnetic field. Your vein might be shot with (injected with) a dye. The dye makes it easier to see the liver and other organs on the scan.
Ultrasound This demonstrates how your internal organs function. It examines the blood flow through various blood arteries. Images of blood arteries, tissues, and organs are produced using high-frequency sound waves, a computer, and this technology.
Endoscopy (EGD) Through your lips, a flexible, lit camera is inserted into your upper digestive tract to search for enlarged blood vessels that are vulnerable to bleeding as a result of your cirrhosis.
If you have fluid in your abdomen (ascites), you may need to take water tablets (diuretics), remove the fluid with a needle, and follow a low-salt diet (paracentesis).
There are various methods to diagnose a chronic liver disease, based on your symptoms and body. To know more, visit the best chronic liver disease specialists in Noida, Ghaziabad.
Cirrhosis is a progressive liver disease that happens over time. If the trigger is removed, such as quitting drinking alcohol, or if the virus is treated, the damage to your liver may sometimes improve or reverse.
Treatment aims to reduce the formation of scar tissue and either prevent or address other health issues.
In many instances, you might be able to halt further liver damage or at least delay it. Hepatitis can be treated in order to prevent the progression of your liver illness.
Your treatment can consist of:
- Maintaining a sodium-free, healthful diet
- Absence of alcohol and illicit drugs
- Managing any health issues brought on by cirrhosis
Before taking prescription medications, over-the-counter medications, or supplements, consult your healthcare professional.
The treatment for severe cirrhosis won’t help with other issues. Perhaps a liver transplant is required.
Other treatments, such as regulating high iron or copper levels or taking medications that inhibit the immune system, can be necessary depending on the etiology of your cirrhosis.
Make sure to consult your doctor about any suggested vaccinations. Among these are vaccinations against viruses that can harm the liver.
To know more, book your appointment with the best chronic liver disease specialists in Noida, Ghaziabad and Delhi.
Dr. Sushrut Singh is an Additional Director in the Department of Liver and Digestive Sciences at Fortis Hospital, Sector-62, Noida. . Having pursued both his M.B.B.S. and M.D. from the King George’s Medical College, Lucknow, he went on to complete his postgraduate super-speciality in Hepatology from the only Liver University in Asia under the guidance of most renowned Prof. Dr. Shiv Kumar Sarin from the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), New Delhi.
- Speciality : Liver Specialist, Hepatologist, Gastroenterologist
- Degree : M.B.B.S., M.D., D.M.
- Experience : 12+ Years
- Phone : +91 93153 54431